Ritchie, Richie, Richey
As the October Ancestry Challenge 2013 is winding down to a close, I’m going to give you a look at what I have on my maternal side; the Richey’s. With the help of Ancestry.com, Millennia Files, International Files, and the help of many cousins, I have been able to trace them back to my 9th great-grandfather during the early 1600’s in Scotland.
James Ritchie, my 9th great-grandfather, was born around 1620 in Glascow, Scotland. My 8th great-grandfather, Samuel Alexander Richey Sr., was born around 1668 in Scotland or Northern Ireland. Sometime during his first twenty years, he came into Pennsylvania. Samuel married Lydia Moore during the year of 1688 in Pennsylvania. His name is listed in the files of Scots in the Mid-Atlantic Colonies, 1635-1783. Samuel Alexander Richey Sr. passed away on January 8, 1740 in Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
My 7th great-grandfather, Samuel Alexander Richey Jr. was born during the year of 1690 in Derry, Ireland. He was born to Samuel Alexander Richey Sr. and Lydia Moore Richey. Samuel and Lydia must have gone back to Ireland, for a time, after being married in 1688, Pennsylvania; Another question to sort out. Samuel Alexander Richey Jr. arrived in New Hampshire in 1718.
U.S. and Canada, Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, 1500s-1900s
Source Publication Code:
From a manuscript in the New Hampshire Historical Society, Concord. Concerns over 250 inhabitants of Northern Ireland who, in 1718, petitioned Samuel Shute for permission to emigrate to New England. Many (pp. 262-264) settled in Londonderry, New Hampshire. Also in no. 0702, Boyer, Ship Passenger Lists, National and New England, pp. 130-133.
BOLTON, CHARLES KNOWLES. The Petition to Governor Shute in 1718. In Scotch Irish Pioneers in Ulster and America. Boston: Bacon & Brown, 1910, pp. 324-330. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, 1967. Repr. 1986.
Samuel Alexander Richey Jr. married Jane Jeanne Caldwell during the year of 1718 in Farmville, Prince Edward, Virginia. Jane Jeanne Caldwell was the daughter of Andrew Caldwell and Unknown Mother.
Samuel Alexander Richey/Ritchie Jr. was a land owner in Augusta County, Virginia.
Virginia Land, Marriage, and Probate Records, 1639-1850
Augusta Co., VA
400 acres, James River above Craig’s Creek.
This land record was originally published in “Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish Settlement in Virginia, 1745-1800. Extracted from the Original Court Records of Augusta County” by Lyman Chalkley.
Purchased of Alex. Douglass, heir-at-law of his brother, Roger Douglass, to whom it was patented. Witness, James Donalson/Donaleson.
A story of interest to the Richey/Ritchie and Caldwell Families:
Bringing the Presbyterian Church to Virginia:
Historically speaking, the settlement of the Caldwell, Ritchie, Moore, Dougherty, Dugeon and other related families in Virginia is of importance. The Commonwealth of Virginia only recognized one religion and that was the Church of England (Episcopal). No other practice of religion was allowed. The great influx of these Scot-Irish into the Shenandoah Valley with their Presbyterian religion presented a problem for the Commonwealth. These new settlers disliked the English, their government, and their religion, and they were considered “rebels” by most Virginians.
In response to a request of the Donegal Presbytery of Pennsylvania, instigated by Capt. John Caldwell on April 11, 1738, Governor Gooch agreed to allow the practice of the Presbyterian religion under certain circumstances. Basically, these rebels would have to swear an allegiance to the Crown and recognize the Church of England. All marriages would have to be in the “recognized” church. These Presbyterian settlements had “Meeting Houses”, and could not call them churches. The Meeting Houses had windows, but they were allowed no glass or coverings on the windows so people could peer in and see what was going on. Doors were not allowed
There were two major settlements of the Scot-Irish in Virginia as a result of this compromise. One was the Tinkling Spring Congregation which was located in Augusta County (Fisherville, Virginia), and the other was the Cub Creek Congregation led by Captain John Caldwell in what became Lunenburg County, Virginia. These people were the main influence on the policy of separating Church and State when it came time to ratify our Constitution.
The following information, concerning Samuel Alexander Richey’s Will, was shared by the Loudamy-McKinney Family Tree.
Alexander may have had other children who were dead by the time that
Alexander made his will in 1749.
Alexander came to the America in 1727 in a group of Scotch-Irish settlers to
Lancaster and Chester Co., PA
by way of Delaware; was in the PA areas ca 1737. The date of arrival at
Delaware was 10 Dec 1727 at New
Alexander’s will was recorded at Amelia Co., VA; BK “1” pp 57 on 03 May
1747; it mentions James, Sr.
and other children. The will was proved 18 Aug 1749.
Alexander had a grand-daughter named Mary Crockett.
Again, the arrival dates and areas are off, leaving me to wonder if this family moved back and forth from Ireland/Scotland to the Thirteen Colonies area frequently. ???
The family is also mentioned in the Heads of families at the first census of the United States taken in the year 1790. : records of the state enumerations, 1782 to
Jane Richie is listed as the Head of Family on the document: Heads of families – Virginia, 1785.
Samuel Alexander Richey/Ritchie Jr. passed away on August 18, 1749 in Farmville, Prince Edward, Virginia. Jane Jeanne Caldwell Richey/Ritchey passed away on August 16, 1785 in Farmville, Lunenburg, Virginia.