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My 8th paternal great-grandfather was Johannes Heinrich Bohm. He was born between 1660 and 1675 in Germany; perhaps in Bayern, Berod, Altenkirchen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Oberbayern, Prussia, Brakelsied, Lippe, Detmold, Schneeberg, Zwickau, or Sachaan. He was possibly a farmer who left Germany, went to Holland, then to London, and later to New York. We know he was among the palatines that came into New York in 1710.
Johannes Heinrich Bohm married Maria Appollonia Schoole in Ostpreussed, Lochstaedt, Germany on November 8, 1685 or in Ober Hoeg, Bayern, Germany in 1688.
Johannes Heinrich Bohm, Maria Apollonia (Schoole), and their three children: Maria Dorothea, Georg, and Albert arrived in New York on June 16, 1710. They sailed from London aboard the James & Elizabeth. Henry Gravener was the ship’s Captain and Johann Christ Gerlack was the list-master on the ship.
Their names were on the Hunter Subsistence List as #63 of those receiving subsistence as of July 4, 1710. Governor Hunter had brought Palatines from London to New York to make tar for the U.S. Navy. Johannes Heinrich Boehm, his wife & children are listed as living at Beekman’s Land in 1717.
One source says, Johannes Heinrich Bohm & his family were probably ‘poor palatines’ sent to America by Queen Anne.
At some point between 1710 and 1723, Johannes Heinrich Bohm changed the spelling of his name; probably so it sounded more American. He became Hendrick Beem. Hendrick Beem leased land from Gilbert Livingston in Dutchess County on August 1724, reserving 4 acres for a church 3 miles north of present Rhinebeck, known as the “Pink’s Corner”
Hendrick Beem is listed as owning land in the Dutchess County area on tax records of January 16, 1723/24, February 1, 1725, and March 11, 1725/26.
Hendrick and Apolonia witnessed the Baptism of their grandson, Hendrick, on September 25, 1720. Baptism Record for Hendrick lists: 1720- Sep 25; Juriaan Beem, Elisabeth Adam Herten; Hendrik Beem, Apolonia Schoole.
Apolonia may have died soon after the Baptism. She is listed as Hendrik Beem’s widow when Hendrik married Juliana on April 7, 1721 in Kingston, Ulster, NY. (1721 07 Apr; Hendrik Beem, wid Maria Appel, born Germany; Juliana ????. (b). Hendrik is believed to have died before March 1731/32 in Kingston, Ulster, NY.
Variations of Surname: Bohme-Boehm-Bohm-Baum-Beem-Behm-Beam.
Meaning of Surname – ethnic name for a native or inhabitant of Bohemia
This leads me to believe that some earlier ancestors may have come from Bohemia. There is a lot of history there that I haven’t studied yet, but will get to it soon.
Following are the Documentations that I currently have. Most of them are from Ancestry.com
American Genealogical-Biographical Index (AGBI)
Baptismal and marriage registers of the Old Dutch Church of Kingston : Ulster County, New York, 1660-1809
General history of Duchess [sic] County : from 1609 to 1876 inclusive
Kingston Marriages 1660-1809
List of Germans from the Palatinate
New York, Genealogical Records, 1675-1920
Reconstructed Passenger List
A Bit of History
The German Palatines were natives of the Electorate of the Palatinate region of Germany, although a few had come to Germany from Switzerland, the Alsace, and probably other parts of Europe. Towards the end of the 17th century and into the 18th, the wealthy region was repeatedly invaded by French troops, which resulted in continuous military requisitions, widespread devastation and famine. The “Poor Palatines” were some 13,000 Germans who came to England between May and November 1709. Their arrival in England, and the inability of the British Government to integrate them, caused a highly politicized debate over the merits of immigration. The English tried to settle them in England, Ireland, and the Colonies. The English transported nearly 3,000 in ten ships to New York in 1710. Many of them first were assigned to work camps along the Hudson River to work off their passage. Close to 850 families settled in the Hudson River Valley, primarily in what are now Germantown and Saugerties, New York. In 1723 100 heads of families from the work camps were the first Europeans to acquire land west of Little Falls, New York, in present-day Herkimer County on both the north and south sides along the Mohawk River.
The first boats packed with refugees began arriving in early May 1709. The first 900 people were given housing, food and supplies by a number of wealthy Englishmen. The immigrants were called “Poor Palatines”: “poor” in reference to their pitiful and impoverished state upon arrival in England, and “Palatines” since many of them came from lands controlled by the Elector Palatine. The majority came from regions outside the Palatinate and, against the wishes of their respective rulers, they fled by the thousands down the Rhine River to the Dutch city of Rotterdam, whence the majority embarked for London. Throughout the summer, ships unloaded thousands of refugees, and almost immediately their numbers overwhelmed the initial attempts to provide for them. By summer, most of the Poor Palatines were settled in Army tents in the fields of Blackheath and Camberwell. A Committee dedicated to coordinating their settlement and dispersal sought ideas for their employment. This proved difficult, as the Poor Palatines were unlike previous migrant groups — skilled, middle-class, religious exiles such as the Huguenots or the Dutch in the 16th century — but rather unskilled rural laborers, neither sufficiently educated nor healthy enough for most types of employment.
Not long after the Palatines’ arrival, the Board of Trade was charged with finding a means for their dispersal. Contrary to the immigrants, who wanted to be transported to the colonies, most schemes involved settling them within the British Isles, either on uninhabited lands in England or in Ireland (where they could bolster the numbers of the Protestant minority). Most officials involved were reluctant to send the Germans to the colonies due to the cost, and to the belief that they would be more beneficial if kept in Britain. Since the majority of the Poor Palatines were husbandmen, vinedressers and laborers, it was widely felt that they would be better suited in agricultural areas. There were some attempts to disperse them in neighboring towns and cities. Ultimately, large-scale settlement plans came to nothing, and the government sent Palatines piecemeal to various regions in England and Ireland. These attempts mostly failed, and many of the Palatines returned from Ireland to London within a few months, in far worse condition than when they had left.
The commissioners finally acquiesced and sent numerous families to New York to produce naval stores. The Germans transported to New York in the summer of 1710 totaled about 2800 people in ten ships, the largest group of immigrants to enter the colony before the American Revolution. Because of their refugee status and weakened condition, as well as shipboard diseases, they had a high rate of fatality. Another 300-some Palatines made it to the Carolinas. Despite the failure of the Naval Stores effort and the unfulfilled promises of land to the Palatines, they had reached the New World and were determined to stay. Their descendants are scattered across the United States and Canada.
Settlement on the east side (East Camp) of the Hudson River was accomplished as a result of Governor Hunter’s negotiations with Robert Livingston, who owned Livingston Manor in what is now Columbia County, New York. (This was not the town now known as Livingston Manor on the west side of the Hudson River). Livingston was anxious to have his lands developed. The Livingston’s benefited for many years from the revenues they received as a result of this business venture. West Camp, on the other hand, was located on land the Crown had recently “repossessed” as an “extravagant grant.” Pastors from both Lutheran and Reformed churches quickly began to serve the camps and created extensive records of these early settlers long before the state of New York was established or kept records.